It is important to educate the general public, across demographics, as well as scientists and policy-makers, on contemporary scientific research knowledge — as well as the gaps — and the implications to ecology. By communicating science, Dr. Andrew strives to help shift public awareness towards understanding how integral fungi and plants, and their interactions, are for natural systems and societies. Martin Bidartondo Martin Bidartondo works on the ecology and evolution of mycorrhizas, one of the dominant symbioses of terrestrial ecosystems.
The systems that he studied include arbuscular, ectomycorrhizal, monotropoid and orchid mycorrhizas, and mycorrhiza-like associations of bryophytes. Following his ground-breaking research on the evolutionary ecology of the diverse plants that cheat mycorrhizal mutualisms, his team has investigated: 1 the mycorrhizal ecology of heathlands, first revealing the mechanisms of tree invasions and then uncovering nutritional links among vascular plants, fungi and non-vascular plants; 2 the environmental drivers of forest mycorrhizas at large scales, revealing the impacts of nitrogen pollution across European forests in collaboration with ICP Forests; and 3 the ecology and evolution of their newly discovered, yet ancient and globally-widespread, symbioses between lineages of plants and fungi.
He is a fungal conservation expert at the Swedish Species Information Centre, in charge of fungal red-listing in Sweden, and is active in issues of international fungal conservation. His research interests include fungal population biology with its patterns, processes and genetics, fungal conservation biology and fungal community ecology with functional impacts on ecosystem processes. The mission of my group is to generate and apply knowledge of fungi in relation to food, indoor environment and industry.
We furthermore study the effect of various stresses e. Since , she has had a strong interest in fungal pathogens, particularly in the development of novel diagnostic tools, taxonomy of fungal pathogens and in understanding antifungal resistance mechanisms. She has authored more than 60 publications in peer reviewed articles and is involved in the training of medical and science graduates and undergraduates in Social Medicine, Hygiene and Medical Microbiology.
He has been responsible for the research units of the National Council for Research grants, engaged in the field of the mycorrhizal symbioses and their biotechnological applications. In the period he has published, as author and co-author, original full papers, including the truffle genome master paper in Nature , and 30 books, handbooks and review articles.
Who We Are | Bay Area Applied Mycology
Her main scientific interests include mechanisms of transcription regulation and methods for their modelling, evolution and adaptation of transcription regulation systems, epigenetic regulation, eukaryotic fungal secondary metabolism, gene clustering in eukaryotic genomes, comparative genomics and evolution of fungal protein families. She focuses on multiple aspects of the biology and ecology of microorganisms including especially mycorrhizal and endophytic fungi. An important field of her scientific interests is phytostabilisation of industrial wastes, phytoextraction of metals and metal distribution in plants associated with microbes.
She is an ecologist, with special interests in palynology and microbiology. While at UCL, she was engaged in palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in archaeology, and realised that it was a short step from reconstructing ancient environmental scenarios to modern forensic ones. Over the last 25 years, she has concentrated on developing and establishing the disciplines of forensic ecology, botany, and palynology.
In the last 10 years, she has established forensic mycology with her mycologist husband. Mycology has proved to provide robust probative evidence on many occasions. Patricia has particular skills in locating clandestine graves, establishing the provenance of unknown materials, and post mortem interval, as well as linking objects, people, and places through botanical and mycological trace evidence. She has worked on approaching criminal cases, both for the prosecution and defence of suspects, and many of these have been very high profile in the UK.
- Actions of Fungi in Ecosystems | BioScience | Oxford Academic.
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She is an experienced expert witness. She has worked with every police force in the UK and Ireland, and lectures worldwide on the disciplines she has developed. Patricia is on the editorial board of Forensic Science International, and is Editor-in-Chief for a special edition of the journal on Forensic Ecology.
She has a large publication record, and continues to research, teach, and publish her work. After finishing his PhD on speciation of fungi at Wageningen university in , he became a postdoc and later assistant professor at the University of Copenhagen and returned to Wageningen in Duur Aanen specializes on the origin and evolution of cooperation and uses fungi and the symbiosis between termites and Termitomyces fungi as his main model systems. His main interest is evolution and biodiversity of plants and interactions in complex ecosystems. He uses the integrative approach to the phylogenetics of basidiomycetes and smut fungi.
Currently he analyses different plant-fungus interactions and combines phylogenetic methods with infection studies to support the hypotheses of cospeciation and host jumps. Her favourite areas of research are into the ways in which fungi fight each other, interact with bacteria and invertebrates, and form communities in decaying wood.
Other favourites are the ways in which fungi search the forest floor for food resources and respond to their finds, and how global change is affecting fungi. Fungi are ubiquitous, even in extreme environments; they are very diverse taxonomically and phylogenetically, and provide a wide variety of ecosystem services.
Arguably, their most important function is as agents of biogeochemical cycling. The ability of saprobic fungi to decompose complex substrates makes them astonishingly important for turnover of materials. Of course, we must remember that other fungi that influence the cycling of energy and materials are not considered saprobes. They include mutualists, parasites, and pathogens, and they also have diverse functions. Many books have been published on fungal biology, but few on fungi's role in ecosystem processes an exception being John Dighton's Fungi in Ecosystem Processes.
The topic is becoming increasingly important, especially the study of biogeochemical changes resulting from such influences as climate change, land-use change, and invasion by exotics. The field is advancing very quickly, so a book such as Fungi in Biogeochemical Cycles is timely. Geoffrey Gadd, the book's editor, is a professor of microbiology at the University of Dundee and a leading researcher in basic and applied microbial biogeochemistry.baannernnam.com/images/can/1865.php
PhD Scholarship – Ecosystem mycology
His work focuses primarily on determining the microbial-mediated mechanisms for metal mobility in natural and contaminated ecosystems. Gadd has gathered an excellent set of authors, all leaders in their various fields and in particular fungal groups, to summarize current research and to highlight the roles of fungi in biogeochemical cycles. The contributors offer a balance between processes involving fungi in natural systems and those in contaminated systems.
Overall, the book provides a good summary of the actions of saprophytic and mycorrhizal fungi, as well as some lichen-associated fungi. I am glad that in some chapters bacteria are discussed in comparison, as they are also highly relevant. All these organisms are well linked to biogeochemical processes—among others, mineral transformations and transport, nutrient cycling, water dynamics, and degradation of complex materials such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polymers. There is good coverage across different ecosystem types, such as soil, freshwater, marine, and estuary systems.
Although I am enthusiastic about the book because of the excellent individual contributions, I do see some shortcomings. First, I would have liked more continuity from chapter to chapter. In my opinion, all multi-author volumes should have such editor-written, synthesizing chapters. Another limitation of the book is that it largely ignores the indirect contributions of fungal parasites and pathogens. These latter functional groups are also ubiquitous in ecosystems, and can exert a profound influence by affecting the activities of primary producers and other organisms.
Overall, I highly recommend this volume, not just to the mycologist but also to the ecologist, geologist, environmental scientist, and earth scientist. It will be especially useful to senior undergraduates and graduate students in interdisciplinary fields such as ecosystem ecology and biogeochemistry.
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Perhaps some of them will discover their own enthusiasm for fungi and become convinced—as I was—of the importance of this often-overlooked group of organisms in the functioning of ecosystems. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.
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